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Program 109:To Sort names in Alphabetical order

Program 109:

#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
main()
{
int i,j,n;
char str[100][100],s[100];
printf("Enter number of names \n");
scanf("%d",&n);
printf("Enter names in any order\n");
for(i=0;i<n;i++)
{
 scanf("%s",str[i]);
}


for(i=0;i<n;i++)
{
 for(j=i+1;j<n;j++)
 {
   if(strcmp(str[i],str[j])>0)
   {
    strcpy(s,str[i]);
    strcpy(str[i],str[j]);
    strcpy(str[j],s);
   }
  
 }

}
printf("\nThe sorted order of alphabets are:\n");
for(i=0;i<n;i++)
{
 printf("%s\n",str[i]);
}

}

Explanation:
 
  1. This program starts with initializing :
    • i,j,s Used as temporary variables
    • n → To store how many names you are going to enter
    • s → To store input names
    • str→ To store output names
  2. printf("Enter number of names \n");
    scanf("%d",&n);
    printf("Enter names in any order\n");
    for(i=0;i<n;i++)
    {
     scanf("%s",str[i]);
    }
    
    Taking input from user
  3. for(i=0;i<n;i++)
    {
     for(j=i+1;j<n;j++)
     {
       if(strcmp(str[i],str[j])>0)
       {
        strcpy(s,str[i]);
        strcpy(str[i],str[j]);
        strcpy(str[j],s);
       }
      
     }
    
    }
    Main logic of the program
    • The above logic is same as sorting an array but any how lets see what happens when compiling this logic and how names are sorted
    • Lets take an 3 example names java,cprogram,android 
    • Iteration 1:i=0 and n is 3  0<3 →true so the loop executes
      • Iteration 1 of 2nd for loop:j=i+1→j=1,1<3 so true then 2nd loop is executed
        • str[0],str[1] is compared using strcmmp where str[0]→java and str[1]→cprogram and as java>cprogram then strcmp returns 1 which is >0 so the if part is executed.
        • then both are swapped their positions using the 3 statements which is similar to swapping 2 values.
        • Now the 3 names are in position cprogram,java,android
      • Iteration 2 of 2nd for loop:j=2,2<3 so true then 2nd loop is executed
        • str[0],str[2] is compared using strcmmp where str[0]→cprogram now and str[2]→android and as cprogram>android then strcmp returns 1 which is >0 so the if part is executed.
        • then both words are swapped
        • Now the 3 names are in position android,cprogram,java
      • Iteration 3 of 2nd for loop:j=3,3<3 so false then 2nd loop is terminated
      • Finallu the position of 3 names are  android,cprogram,java after 1st iteration of loop.
    • Iteration 2:i=1 ; 1<3 →true so the loop executes
      • Iteration 1 of 2nd for loop:j=1+1→j=2,2<3 so true then 2nd loop is executed
        • str[1],str[1] is compared using strcmmp where str[1]→cprogram and str[2]→java and as cprogram<java then strcmp returns -1 which is <0 so the if part is not executed.
        • So the names remains same in their position.
      • Iteration 2 of 2nd for loop:j=3,3<3 so false then 2nd loop is terminated
        • After 2nd Iterations the names remain same
    • Iteration 3:i=2 ;2<3 →true so the loop executes
      • Iteration 1 of 2nd for loop:j=2+1→j=3,3<3 so false loop is terminated
    • Iteration 4:i=3 ;3<3 →false so the loop terminates
    • Finally the output is android,cprogram,java which are in sorted order

Output: 

Sort names in Alphabetical order






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