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Program 86:To know whether the given string is Palindrome or not

Program 86:
 
#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
main()
{
int i,j=0;
char str1[100],str2[100]={0};
printf("Enter a string to know whether it is palindrome or not\n");
gets(str1);
for(i=strlen(str1)-1;i>=0;i--)
{
str2[j]=str1[i];
j++;    
}
str2[j]='\0';
printf("The reverse of the given string is---> %s\n",str2);
if(strcmp(str1,str2)==0)
{
    printf("The given string is Palindrome\n");
}
else
{
    printf("The given string is Not Palindrome\n");
}
}
Explanation:
 
  1. This program starts with initializing :
    • i,j → used as helping variable
    • str1 → To store input from user
    • str2 → To store output of program
  2. printf("Enter a string to know whether it is palindrome or not\n");
    gets(str1);
    Taking input from user
  3. for(i=strlen(str1)-1;i>=0;i--)
    {
    str2[j]=str1[i];
    j++;    
    }
    • Lets take string example LOL.
    • Iteration 1: i=strlen(str1)-1→3-1→i=2 ;2>=0 so loop is executed.j=0
      • str2[j]=str1[i]→str2[0]=str1[0]→str2[0]=L
      • j++→j=1 
      • i-- →i=1
    • Iteration 2:1>=0 so loop is executed.
      • str2[j]=str1[i]→str2[1]=str1[1]→str2[1]=O
      • j++→j=2
      • i--→i=0
    • Iteration 3:0>=0 so loop is executed.
      • str2[j]=str1[i]→str2[2]=str1[0]→str2[2]=L
      • j++→j=3
      • i--→i=-1
    • Iteration 4:-1 is not greater than or equal to 0 so loop is terminated.
    •  str2[j]='\0' To indicated the end of the string
  4. if(strcmp(str1,str2)==0)
    {
        printf("The given string is Palindrome\n");
    }
    else
    {
        printf("The given string is Not Palindrome\n");
    }
    compares str1 and str2 where str1=LOL and str2=LOL so strcmp(str1,str2) returns 0 which is equal to 0  so the if part is executed where it prints The given string is Palindrome
Output:


To know whether the given string is Palindrome or not

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